This is an updated version of an earlier post to include important additions:
Ancient texts that mention events in prehistoric times, often linked such events of ‘world fire or flood’ with astronomical phenomena. A recent (2005) paper by M. A. van der Sluijs, ‘A Possible Babylonian Precursor to the Theory of Ecpyrōsis’, touches on the astronomical factor in the ancient texts.
A curious piece from the paper is a quote from a Babylonian text, the ‘Babyloniaca’ attributed to the Babylonian priest Berossus (third century BCE), that says, quote: “Berossus … affirms that the whole issue is brought about by the course of the planets”. It refers to the ‘Great Year’, and relates to planetary alignments that were studied by Johannes Kepler and known as Kepler’s Trigon. The major planets are Jupiter and Saturn, and a Great Conjunction is a conjunction of the planets Jupiter and Saturn.
An extract from another Babylonian epic text, one version from said paper reads thus: “– I rose up from my dwelling, and the control of heaven and earth was undone. The very heavens I made to tremble, the positions of the stars of heaven changed, and I did not return them to their places. –” A change in the ‘position of the stars of heaven’ can be a shift in the orientation of the Earth axis. An Obliquity change.
Earlier studies of evidence had provided very near dates to events as they were discerned from the megalithic calendars, together with various proxies that appear to corroborate both dates and events. Searching these dates in ‘Solar System Live’, an on-line software giving planetary positions for specific dates, has resulted in some interesting very near planetary alignment connected to the dates. The dates are too near for simple coincidence. The planets are Saturn and Jupiter, in line with Earth and the Sun, in S J E S order. However such conjunctions are frequent, so the relevance of these specific conjunctions to the prehistoric events remains an enigma.
Update 1: In attached picture, bottom graph, five events corresponding to five consecutive Eddy Cycle roots are indicated. A sixth has since been identified. Circa late 1300bce historically corresponds to the start of the period of civilisation collapse in the Eastern Mediterranean and Aegean.
Update 2: Background: An Earth obliquity change, from a tentative study, can possibly arise if a torque is imposed on the rotating Earth from external sources. Gravitational forces from planetary alignment on an oblate Earth may be such a source. In such a case the gravitational effect of the moon may be a substantial addition, but the software does not indicate the moon’s position. However other sources can provide additional insight.
A recent study of the Biblical Flood as found from the earliest Akkadian sources has provided a clear indicator. The study appears in the book Wasserman, Nathan (2020). The Flood : The Akkadian Sources. A New Edition, Commentary, and a Literary Discussion. Leuven – Paris – Bristol, CT: Peeters. In a commentary it was said that “The date of the Flood was set at the end of the lunar month, on the darkest night of the month when the moon is invisible.” This important observation indicates that the moon was also in-line with the sun and planets. Other important indicators are also to be found in this study. The ‘Flood’ which is referred to as ‘The Flood from the West’ is found in many flood myth, except as noted, in Egypt. This harks back to Herodotus and his discourses with the Egyptian priests, where it is said ” The sun, however, had within this period of time, on four several occasions, moved from his wonted course, twice rising where he now sets, and twice setting where he now rises. Egypt was in no degree affected by these changes; the productions of the land, and of the river, remained the same; nor was there anything unusual either in the diseases or the deaths.” Two observations here: a movement of the sun’s rising and setting points, which the megalithic calendars clearly indicate in their dimensions. And that Egypt was not effected by a Flood from the West; a geological possibility.